The final MBTI preference pair relates to the level of structure the person prefers in life. Judgers (Js) are methodical, and like to get things prepared well in advance. Perceivers (Ps) are more spontaneous and flexible, and like to leave things open until the last minute (in case something better should arise).
Just as introverts have social needs and extraverts can stand to be alone, Feelers (Fs) think and Thinkers (Ts) have feelings. This preference simply describes how a person makes decisions based on the information gathered through their senses or intuition. The T strives to be objective, removing themselves from the equation and making the decision based on adherence to a set of principles. The F on the other hand prefers to see situations subjectively from within, seeking the outcome that engenders the greatest harmony among all those involved.
The second preference pair deals with how people take in information about the world around them. Sensors (Ss) place the greatest stock in what they receive through their five senses. Intuitives (Ns), on the other hand, value their ‘sixth sense’ more highly – relying on hunches, insights and gut feelings.
The first preference pair relate to how people are energized. Extraverts (Es) are energized through interactions with others and engaging in ‘external’ activities, while introverts (Is) derive their energy from withdrawing into their private world for reflection.